Verses written by Sufi masters come under Kalaam. These are sung with great ferver in Sufi recitals.

An extraordinary poet of Rampur.

1920 -1963

Pre-modern poet, known for blending the best of the classical and the modernist

1914 -1981

Revolutionary, romantic poet, playwright & lyricist, known for his poem ‘Jhoom ke Utho watan aazad karne ke liye’

1829 -1900

A contemporary of Dagh Dehlavi. Famous for his ghazal 'Sarkati Jae Hai Rukh Se Naqab Ahista Ahista'.

1253 -1325

Beloved disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya and clelebrated Sufi poet of Persian and Urdu. Also highly skilled in music, famous as Tuuti-e-Hind.

1874 -1952

Haji Waris Ali Shah's disciple and famous for his Sufi poetry

1876 -1936

Celebrated Naat-poet famous for his Ghazal "Bekhud kiye dete hain andaz-e-hijaabana".

1680 -1757

Famous Punjabi Sufi poet who still feels contemporary.

1831 -1905

Last of classical poets who celebrated life and love. Famous for his playfulness of words (idioms/ phrases).

1914 -1984

One of the most popular poets in the fourth and fifth decades of 20th century, contemporary of Faiz Ahmad Faiz.


Popular poet of his time in India and Pakistan.

1893 -1954

Known for his couplet "Khud ka parda hai to khud Khud ko zara dekh to le".

1839 -1901

A noted Sufi poet from Hyderabad.

1753 -1817

One of most firebrand poets of Lucknow. Contemporary of Meer Taqi Meer. His rivalry with Mushafi is well-recorded. He had also written rekhta poetry and 'Raani Ketki ki kahani" in prose.Syed Insha Allah Khan, who was known in the world of sher-o-shayari as 'Insha', belonged to a noble lineage of Syeds of Najaf who had migrated to Delhi and settled there. They were held in high esteem as nobles by the Mughal court. Insha's father was a court physician and a poet of a high cadre with the pen-name 'Masdar'. When the Mughal kingdom in Delhi was breathing its last, his father migrated to Murshidabad, the headquarters of the Nawab. Insha was born at Murshidabad. His father trained him in a variety of arts and sciences. However, he did not undergo a regular training in the art of composing verses through his father, instead, he depended on his own skill. He left Murshidabad and came to Delhi during the period of Shah Alam II. Shah Alam was a poet-king and a patron of poets. He welcomed Insha to his court. He later moved to Lucknow to work for the Nawab to get e better recognition for his poetic talents. He soon entered the good books of Nawab Saadat Yar Khan and became very close to him. He was very well liked and cherished. However, he overdid being social and was unable to get accustomed to the many moods of the Nawab. Temperamentally, Insha and the Nawab were different. Due his bold and free nature, Insha did not always bother about the likes and dislikes of Nawab. Subsequently, he was subjected to rigorous severities and was imprisoned. Once, a most sought-after companion, Insha became the victim of poverty and misery and died in 1817. He had great command over Urdu and was the first Indian to compose its grammar. He conducted exhaustible experiments in the language. He was also well-versed in Turkish, Poorvi, Punjabi, Marathi, Marwari, Kashmiri and Hindi and wrote poetry in these dialects. He was a brilliant linguist with commendable capacity.

1890 -1960

One of the most prominent pre-modern poets who enjoyed stunning popularity and fan-following.

1905 -1976

Poet famous for penning the Naat "Aapko Paataa nahin jab aap ko paataa hun"

1845 -1901

Famous Sufi poet of the Chishti-Nizami Order from Pakistan

1721 -1785

Noted Sufi poet with a deep sense of Music.

1722 -1810

One of the greatest Urdu poets. Known as Khuda-e-Sukhan (God of Poetry)

1797 -1869

Great Urdu poet occupying a place of pride in world literature. Also one of the most quotable poets having shers for almost all situations of life.


Leading Pakistani researcher, writer and poet and President of Punjab University (Lahore)